For Muslims, the Foundation Stone is the place where Muhammad ascended to heaven with the angel Gabriel; it’s one of the holiest sites in Islam. Jews pray in the direction of the Dome of the Rock because they believe the stone to be where Abraham prepared to sacrifice Isaac. Only Islamic prayer is allowed on the Temple Mount, so Jews wanting to pay homage often go to the Western Wall, a nearby location.
The vibrant shrine can also capture the interest of non-religious onlookers. It is mathematically proportioned for aesthetic appeal: 67 feet is the measurement for the dome’s diameter, its height from the base of the drum and the length of each outer wall. Mosaic, faience (tin-glazing) and marble adorn the Dome of the Rock’s façade. The interior is highly decorated, too but only Muslim women are allowed inside.