I had the opportunity to take a tour of the newly renovated and recently reopened Park Inn Hotel last week. If you have been reading this blog over the last few months, you are aware of my intense interest in this project. Until last week I had little direct knowledge on the interior of the hotel. I had been amazed by the beauty and detail on the outside on my earlier visits; however, the work done on the inside is simply stunning! A walk through the hotel is like stepping back in time 101 years. (See Slideshow at Bottom)
Originally, the hotel occupied the west end of the building; the east end was occupied by the City National Bank. If you view the building from Central Park (across the street and directly to the north), it is fairly easy to see that there are two distinct structures. The dividing point, known as the “waist,” juts inward at the mid-section of the entire structure.
The Park Inn Hotel is the only remaining Frank Lloyd Wright designed hotel in the world. Not only did Wright design the building, he also designed the stained glass windows and interior pieces like the barrel chairs and the Mercury statues in the Bank/Ballroom. Since the renovation was an historical renovation, the rework had to model the original as closely as possible. One of the most difficult challenges was returning the bank portion back to its original two-story height. This area had been changed into a three-story structure (see three-story photos compare to renovated bank photos) to accommodate a variety of businesses, and turning it back to the original two-story configuration was a real engineering challenge. Another huge task involved all the stained glass windows. Some had to be located (the large Skylight Room window was found in a Mason City home and the owners donated it), many had to be restored, and some had to be reproduced. Fortunately, an artist capable of the restoration work was nearby. John Larsen of Clear Lake restored or re-created 62 stained glass windows for the project. Old photos and Wright’s drawings were consulted to aid in reproducing period furnishings such as carpet and furniture, and some original items were used as models for reproduction pieces such as the Mercury statues in the Ballroom.
So what’s original and what isn’t? The original items include:
- skylights in the Ballroom and the Skylight Room
- art glass in many of the rooms and the hotel lobby
- some of the bathroom floor tile, as well as the floor tile in the main lobby and Skylight Room
- wood flooring, stair railings, louvered guest room doors and some of the paneling, doors, transoms and safe frame in the Law Office
- donated Stickley pieces in Law Office are period
- copper facia and much of the brick as well as the polychrome tile on the exterior
- the Historic Suite is in 1910 configuration
- clerestory window grill work (some original grill work was found in a nearby community where it was serving as a residential fence)
- cement urns on balcony outside Ladies Parlor
Items that were reproduced include:
- the Mercury statues in the Ballroom (one original was found and the owner allowed it to be used as the model for casting)
- the Mezzanine balcony (the original failed within ten years and was removed)
- the Law Office library table
- exterior light fixtures and the Bank grill work on entry door
- clerestory windows on Bank section
- the ground floor cement urn at the entry into the Waist portion of the building
- the barrel chairs were reproduced from Wright drawings.
- billiards table is original period piece but was not original to the building
Things that have been changed, added or modernized:
- the number of guest rooms – originally there were 40 some guest rooms; now there are 27 guest rooms (now includes third floor of bank)
- an elevator and some new railings and ramping for accessibility and safety
- new heating, plumbing and electrical
- very few original furnishings remained; designers had to find correct styles of period furniture; carpeting had to be designed and manufactured
- guest rooms now have individual bathrooms
I was fortunate to have Scott Borcherding as my tour guide. Scott, of Bergland + Cram, was the Interior Designer on the project. Scott was an excellent tour guide, and I gained many interesting insights about the building, others involved, and about Wright himself. One piece of information that I found extremely interesting is that Wright completed his design in 1909 and shortly after began his affair with Mamah Cheney. Because they ran off to Europe together, construction of the hotel and bank complex was actually supervised by Wright’s associate, William Drummond.
I am signing off for now. I have much more to say and show about the Park Inn Hotel project, but it will have to wait until next time! (You can learn more about the project at Wright On The Park.)