My wife and I recently took a motorcycle trip with some friends through parts of the Great Plains Region. We saw a great deal of Nature’s beautiful handiwork from glacier-created lakes in western Iowa to the sacred pipestone quarries in western Minnesota, to sweeping expanses of grasslands that once teemed with buffalo (more correctly referred to as the American bison). These natural wonders caused us to park the bikes and spend some time exploring. What I didn’t expect, however, was experiencing that same sense of awe and appreciation over some man-made wonders! Even more amazing, the buildings that gave us pause were county courthouses from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The first courthouse that pulled us in was the Rock County Courthouse in Luverne, Minnesota. According to their website, “[This] three-story Romanesque building was built in 1888 of Sioux quartz rock mined from a quarry located in nearby Blue Mound State Park (one of the natural wonders I mentioned earlier). It was renovated to its current condition in 1988 and is on the National Register of Historic Places.”
This beautiful building adorns a square two blocks north of the main business district. Next to it, and also built with Sioux quartz, is the Veterans Memorial Center. The Veterans Memorial building houses the Chamber of Commerce/Visitors’ Information Center and Brandenburg Gallery (home to many original works by National Geographic photographer and native son, Jim Brandenburg) along with a Veterans Museum (with artifacts and videos covering the Civil War to WWII). We spent an entire morning feasting on these two beautiful architectural wonders and their historical and cultural contents. View Slideshow of Both Buildings
Our other courthouse stop was about two hours south and east in the city of Spencer, Iowa. The Clay County Courthouse has some similarities to Rock County’s. Both buildings have a reddish hue, and both buildings feature a dome or tower with an open viewing area beneath their domes. Like many buildings from this era, they also feature quality workmanship and beautiful architectural details.
The architectural styles, however, are different. Clay County’s building, built twelve years later (begun in 1900), is Classic Revival while Rock County’s is Romanesque. And unlike the Rock County Courthouse that still houses county offices, the Clay County Courthouse is only used for court cases and related judicial offices. Since no cases were being held at the time we were there, we were able to tour the building and see the beautiful interior details such as stained glass windows, decorative ceilings, wonderful woodwork details, tile floors and other architectural touches that are often missing in today’s buildings (or are not done with the same quality of craftsmanship or materials).
There are several takeaways here. Both these communities care about preserving the past. Also, quality of craftsmanship, quality of design and material quality equal sustainable buildings that can still be functional and beautiful more than one hundred years later. Finally, beautiful architecture is not confined to major metropolitan areas. View Slideshow
Filed under: 1, Daily Dose of Masonry, Moisture Management, News and Updates | Tagged: architecture, Clay County Courthouse, historic preservation, jim brandenburg gallery, masonry, museum, quality craftsmanship, Rock County Courthouse, sioux quartz, sustainable building | Leave a comment »